Penn, William

(1644-1718)
   Quaker apologist, s. of Sir William P., a celebrated Admiral, was b. in London, and ed. at Oxf., where he became a Quaker, and was in consequence expelled from the Univ. His change of views and his practice of the extremest social peculiarities imposed by his principles led to a quarrel with his f., who is said to have turned him out of doors. Thereafter he began to write, and one of his books, The Sandy Foundation Shaken (c. 1668), in which he attacked the doctrines of the Trinity, the atonement, and justification by faith, led to his being, in 1668, imprisoned in the Tower, where he wrote his most popular work, No Cross, No Crown (1668), and a defence of his own conduct, Innocency with her Open Face (1668), which resulted in his liberation. Shortly after this, in 1670, on the death of his f., who had been reconciled to him, P. succeeded to a fortune, including a claim against the Government amounting to £15,000, which was ultimately in 1681 settled by a grant of the territory now forming the state of Pennsylvania. Meanwhile, however, he had again suffered imprisonment for preaching, and employed his enforced leisure in writing four treatises, of which one, The Great Cause of Liberty of Conscience (c. 1671), is an able defence of religious toleration. In 1682, having obtained the grant above referred to, he set sail for America, with the view of founding a community based upon the principles of toleration. Having established a Constitution and set matters in working order there, P. returned to England in 1684 and busied himself in efforts for the relief of those Quakers who had remained at home. The peculiar position of affairs when James II. was endeavouring to use the Dissenters as a means of gaining concessions to the Roman Catholics favoured his views, and he was to some extent successful in his efforts. His connection with the Court at that time has, however, led to his conduct being severely animadverted upon by Macaulay and others. In 1690 and for some time thereafter he was charged with conspiring against the Revolution Government, but after full investigation was completely acquitted. His later years were embittered by troubles in Pennsylvania, and by the dishonesty and ingratitude of an agent by whose defalcations he was nearly ruined, as a consequence of which he was imprisoned for debt. He d. soon after his release in 1718.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Penn,William — Penn (pĕn), William. 1644 1718. English Quaker colonizer in America. He founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681. * * * …   Universalium

  • Penn, William — born Oct. 14, 1644, London, Eng. died July 30, 1718, Buckinghamshire English Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania. Expelled from Oxford for his Puritan beliefs, he was sent to manage the family estates in Ireland, where he joined the Society …   Universalium

  • Penn, William — ( 164 4 1718 )    Quaker leader and advocate of religious freedom    William Penn was born in London, England, on October 14, 1644. He was raised as a member of the Church of England. His early life showed little direction, but after hearing… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Penn, William — (1644–1718)    State Founder and Devotional Writer.    Penn was born in London. He failed to complete his course at the University of Oxford because of his non conformist convictions. He joined the Quakers in 1665 and was the author of many… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • PENN, WILLIAM —    founder of Pennsylvania, the son of an admiral, born in London; was converted to Quakerism while a student at Oxford, and for a fanatical attack on certain fellow students expelled the University; his father sent him to travel in France, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Penn, William — (14 oct. 1644, Londres, Inglaterra–30 jul. 1718, Buckinghamshire). Dirigente cuáquero inglés y fundador de Pensilvania. Expulsado de Oxford por su fe puritana, fue enviado a administrar las propiedades de la familia en Irlanda, donde en 1667 se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PENN, William — (1644 1718)    English QUAKER who emigrated to America and founded Pennsylvania. He held UNORTHODOX views about the TRINITY, ATONEMENT and JUSTIFICATION attacking CALVINISM in his book Sandy Foundation Shaken (1668). His most famous book No Cross …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Penn — may refer to:PlacesEngland*Penn, Buckinghamshire *Penn, West MidlandsUnited States*Penn, North Dakota *Pennsylvania **Penn, Pennsylvania *Penn Lake Park, Pennsylvania *Penn Township, several municipalitiesEducation* University of Pennsylvania,… …   Wikipedia

  • William Penn — Datos personales Nacimiento 14 de octubre de 1644 …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Penn (disambiguation) — William Penn (1644 ndash;1718), is the founder of Pennsylvania, U.S.A.William Penn may also refer to: ;People * William Penn, Jr. (1681 ndash;1720), eldest surviving son of William Penn * William Penn (admiral) (1621 ndash;1670), English admiral… …   Wikipedia

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